Tasmania is an island with an area of 90,758 km², located 240 km off the south-east corner of mainland Australia. The history of Richmond Tasmania dates back to the first European settlement in Tasmania. A woman named Truganini (1812–76) is generally recognised as the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aborigine.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'australias_guide-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); Some important dates in Tasmanian History The Palawa people lived on the Bass Strait Islands and Tasmania. 1830: Samuel Anderson, Pioneer Settler, arrives in Hobart aboard the Lang, employed as book keeper with Van Diemens Land Co. Will go on to establish the third permanent settlement in Victoria at Westernport. On 24 November 1642, Tasman, commander of the ‘Heemskirk’ and ‘Zeehan’ ships, first laid eyes on the west coast of the island. Tasmania was first “discovered” on November 24, 1642, by Abel Tasman Although Aboriginal people have lived in Tasmania for at least 35,000 years, Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer, was the first European to “discover” Tasmania. They made tools and containers from wood, bone, stone, seaweed, bark, grass and sinew. Tasmania is named after Abel, Tasman, the Dutch explorer who was the first European to explore the Island in 17th century. The latter settlement became known as Hobart Town, later shortened to Hobart, after the British Colonial Secretary of the time, Lord Hobart. Over 70,000 men, women and children were transported to Van Diemens Land in the early 1800s and many of the places and features they built are … An alternative settlement was established by Capt. Historian Lyndall Ryan's analysis of population studies led her to conclude that there were about 7000 spread throughout the island's nine nations;[1] Nicholas Clements, citing research by N.J.B. 1803 – Lieutenant John Bowen, with the British Royal Navy, chose Risdon Cove on the eastern shore of the River Derwent in the south-east for the first settlement of Europeans. A courthouse was built on the corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street and street lighting with oil lamps was introduced. 1830: Administration launches "Black Line" military campaign across most of colony to round up Aboriginal people; in seven weeks two are shot and two are captured, 1831: New land regulations discontinue free, 1832: Ends of martial law against Aboriginal people, 1832: Regular Hobart-Launceston coach service begins, 1832: Maria Island penal settlement closes, 1832: Derwent Light ("Iron Pot") lit for first time. Tasmania was inhabited by an Indigenous population, the Aboriginal Tasmanians, and evidence indicates their presence in the territory, later to become an island, at least 35,000 years ago. In 1804 Lieutenant-governor David Collins moved the settlement across the river and Hobart was founded. 1817: New Government House occupied in Macquarie St, on site of present Town Hall, lower Elizabeth St and Franklin Square. Structurally, Tasmania constitutes a southern extension of the Great Dividing Range. 1772 – The first Europeans to land on the island, the company from the expedition of the French explorer Marion du Fresne, came ashore at Marion Bay on the east coast. A proclamation made in 1828 by Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur excluded Aboriginal people from settled areas and was the year of the Cape Grim massacre. It is the oldest running Catholic Church in Australia. The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt, after his sponsor, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. 1901 – The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed – Tasmania became a state of Australia. 1854 – The two houses of Parliament (upper and lower) were established. 1833: Robert Massie arrives in Tasmania takes up position as Engineer with Van Diemens Land Co. 1834: Convicts evacuating Macquarie Harbour capture brig, 1834: Daily Hobart-New Norfolk steamship trips begin, 1834: Launceston "female factory" completed, 1834: Point Puer boys' convict establishment opens at Port Arthur, 1834: First coal shipment leaves convict mines on Tasman Peninsula, 1834: Jury trial system for all civil cases begins, 1834: Horse-drawn coaches begin taxi-style service, 1834: Henty brothers leave Launceston for Portland Bay to make first European settlement in, 1835: Nearly all remaining Tasmanian Aboriginal people surrender to George Augustus Robinson and are moved to Flinders Island. Lieutenant John Bowen, who led the first Tasmanian settlement at Risdon Cove, and his surveyor James Meehan, initiated the … 1830 – The Black Line, a military plan to round up Aborigines, was started. The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 164 2 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasma. It lies about 150 miles (240 km) south of the state of Victoria, from which it is separated by the relatively shallow Bass Strait. 1999: Tasmania voted the best temperate island in the world by the world's largest travel magazine, 2000 (1 January): Tasmania beamed to 43 television networks around the world to herald the new, 2001 (10 May): Centenary of Federation celebrated, 2001: For the first time in 120 years, Tasmanian, 2001: State Government announces $53 million jail to replace the old, 2002: House and land boom begins with East Coast blocks selling for almost three times the town's previous record, 2002 (May): : Tasmania's suburban street speed limit dropped to 50 km/h in a bid to increase road safety, 2002 (3 August): Tasmanian boxer Daniel Geale wins Tasmania's only gold medal at the, 2002 (1 September): Tasmania's fast ferries, 2002 (12 October): Tasmanian Tim Hawkins killed in, 2002: Deregulated shop trading hours begin, 2003 (January): People urged by Tasmanian Fire Service to abandon their Australia Day long-weekend plans and prepare their homes for a potential firestorm as a number of fires pose the worst fire threat in 30 years, 2003: Attempted hijack of a Qantas flight from Melbourne to Launceston, 2003: Tasmania passed some of the most progressive relationship laws in the world including same-sex adoptions and registration of 'significant' relationships, 2004: State Government announces legislation to, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 10:45. However this "extinction" was a myth, as documented by Lyndall Ryan in 1991.[5]. The land mass now known as Tasmania was cut off and the Aboriginal people living here were isolated. History . Each of those cities has many times the population of the whole of Tasmania. David Collins 5 km to the south in 1804 in Sullivans Cove on the western side of the Derwent, where fresh water was more plentiful. The aboriginal population became isolated when the land bridge flooded over around 11,000 years ago. Coastal people relied on the sea for much of their diet. The Dutch explorer Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemen’s Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen. In the same year, the first substantial jail was completed on the corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street and merino sheep arrived from John Macarthur's stud in New South Wales. Tasmania isn’t as small as you think in fact it’s about the same size as the Republic of Ireland or Sri Lanka. 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